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Nearly 8,000 Mozambican farmers are involved in the practice of small-scale aquaculture, including developing the activity on a commercial basis. In the interior of the country, as well as generating income and jobs, fish farming has greatly contributed to addressing food deficits.
Figures indicate that, last year, overall production was just over 3,000 tons, against the average 600 tons per year recorded in the last decade. Inhambane province stands out in the development small-scale aquaculture, with many producers engaged in self-sustaining production.
Commercial entities include Aquapesca, which produces shrimp in Zambézia, and Chicoa Fish Farm and Poelela, which farm fish on a large scale. Chicoa Fish Farm in the Cahora Bassa Albufeira district in Tete, exported a large percentage of last year’s 100-ton harvest to Zimbabwe, Malawi and Zambia.
Nile tilapia and Mozambique tilapia
Fish farming is clearly gaining ground in inland waters, developing in isolation and in traditional ways.
The existence of the sea, lakes, ponds and rivers, coupled with excellent weather, have induced many to get started on this activity, both to provide sustenance and increase income.
The provinces where aquaculture is most developed are Inhambane, Gaza, Manica, Tete, Niassa and Zambézia, whose variety of species in cultivation are a source of envy in many countries.
Two species stand out – the Nile and Mozambique tilapia. Other species include shrimp, mainly in Zambézia, as well as carp, bearded fish and mussels. In Nampula, marine fish farming predominates, as well as an enterprise cultivating macro algae on an experimental basis.
By Benjamim WilsonSource: Domingo