Mozambique elections: Zumbo residents flee to Zambia after gunshots fired by police - report
In File CoM
President Nyusi has published the “Memorandum of Understanding on Military Matters” embargoed since the beginning of talks between the government and Renamo, and making it known that the Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration (DDR) of Renamo’s men will last 210 days (seven months) from 6 October, the day when the head of state announced the start of demilitarisation.
The document says that DDR aims to “ensure the security and stability of the country, as well as to build an environment of trust and reconciliation among Mozambicans …”.
Disarmament shall consist of the collection, delivery and final disposal of weapons and armament held by Renamo armed forces. Demobilisation will encompass the transition to civilian life of those Renamo guerrillas who are not to be integrated into the Defence Forces of Mozambique, while reintegration designates their socio-economic reintegration in general.
The integration of Renamo officials in the Republic of Mozambique Police (PRM) aims to “professionalise them and strengthen trust between the parties”.
“The fair integration is [entails] access to command and direction responsibility at the highest level of FADM hierarchy and in other units as well as in PRM units” in accordance with the agreement between the head of state and the leader of Renamo. It must also safeguard “competence, merit and professionalism”.
The integration is to proceed through the submission, by Renamo, of a list of officers whose situation it wishes to be regularised. The same list will be the subject of study and evaluation so as to best assign the “partridge” guerrillas.
Having confirmed the consensus, the integration of Renamo officials should be accomplished within 120 days. Once this process is completed, the other processes will follow.
Renamo is obliged under the memorandum to provide comprehensive information on its armed forces, their location, and the weapons and other military equipment in its possession.
Renamo is demanding positions in the FADM and PRM, and has outlined a schedule for the completion of the process. Foreign experts requested by the government and Renamo to witness and oversee the process of disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration have already been in Mozambique for some days.Source:
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