Inhambane is a province of Mozambique located on the coast in the southern part of the country. It has an area of 68,615 km² and a population of approximately 1.3 million (2002). The provincial capital is also called Inhambane..
The town of Inhambane existed in the 10th century, and was the southernmost port used by Arabs for slave trading. The region was visited by Vasco da Gama in 1498, who claimed Inhambane Bay for Portugal. The Portuguese established a trading post at Inhambane in 1534.
The province is the second largest grower of cashews (after Nampula), and also produces coconut and citrus fruit.