Mozambique: Approval of constitutional review ‘gigantic step’ president says
In file CoM
President Filipe Nyusi yesterday reaffirmed the Mozambican government’s commitment to the objectives of the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), signaling the country’s readiness to advance to second-stage evaluation under the voluntary continental instrument.
The APRM is mutually agreed upon by the Member States of the African Union, with the common objective of improving governance practices and standards. It is also a mechanism through which a country self-assesses the state of its governance patterns and practices, and then seeks common experiences from its peers to improve those aspects.
The memorandum formalizing the commitment of the Mozambican government was initialed by the president and the ambassador Mona Omar Attia, member of the Panel of Eminent Personalities of the MARFP.
The cost of the first assessment, which took place in 2009, was estimated at two million dollars. An estimated amount of US$ 700,000 is to be made available for the APRM National Forum to conduct the second evaluation, an amount not considered ideal for the activities foreseen in its plan.
“After the first exercise, Mozambique has made provision for citizen participation in the political debate and has promoted national dialogue, providing a useful framework for institutional reform, and addressing challenges highlighted in the previous evaluation,” Nyusi explained.
The country is thereby consolidating the democratic process and the exercise of citizenship in various ways, and beginning efforts for the maintenance of peace and political stability, a process that has found expression through the municipal elections of 2003 and legislative and presidential elections of 2014, and is preparing for the next election, to take place in 2018.
President Nyusi also mentioned the adoption of several legal instruments, such as the Law on Access to Information and the adoption of specific legislation to combat corruption, noting that combating this phenomenon was ever more urgent and crucial.
On the progress made since the first evaluation, President Nyusi indicated that the life expectancy of Mozambicans had increased from 51 years for men and 55.3 years for women in 2013 to 52.2 years for men and 56.5 years for women in 2017.
He also noted that the average schooling rate increased from 95.1 per cent in 2013 to 96.2 per cent in 2017. Girls’ participation in school, particularly in primary and secondary school, increased from 48.1 per cent in 2013 to 49 percent in 2017.
In the health sector, Mozambique had reduced the sexual transmission of HIV by 25 percent between 2011 to 2013 and vertical mother-to-child transmission from 11.9 percent in 2013 to 6.2 percent, in 2015.
“We are adopting the 90/90/90 strategy, meaning that 90 per cent of people living with HIV/Aids are diagnosed through the expansion of testing and counseling services; 90 percent benefit from antiretroviral therapy (ART) and 90 percent of people in treatment reach a level of virus presence in the blood that does not allow them to pass the disease on to others, goals to be achieved between the years 20/30,” Nyusi said.
The head of state also expressed his satisfaction that the World Health Organization (WHO) had declared Mozambique a polio-free country, which encouraged the government to continue to implement reforms in the health sector, and to hope that MARP would prioritize health indicators in its assessment.
Prof. Doctor Lourenço do Rosário, president of the MARP National Forum, listed the successes achieved since Mozambique had entered on its first evaluation and affirming that these successes should serve as a model for other countries.
He reaffirmed the National Forum’s commitment to doing everything it could to honor Mozambique in the concert of the nations, within the framework of its voluntary adherence to the African Union instrument.
Minister of Economy and Finance Adriano Maleiane, APRM liaison in Mozambique, in turn reiterated the government’s whole-hearted support for the National Forum’s activities.
Ambassador Mona Attia hoped that the second evaluation of Mozambique would proceed in the most fruitful manner possible, and that the country’s example would be followed by other states in the region.Source: Notícias