Mozambique: Would constitutional changes represent democratic backsliding?
In file CoM
The President of the Assembly of the Republic (AR), Veronica Macamo, said in a speech on Tuesday that the Mozambican parliament would do everything in its power to uphold the rights of judges and the dignity of their profession, AIM reports.
The commitment was made in parliament during a judges’ appointment hearing, with Macamo making it clear that parliament would press the government to address the judges’ concerns.
“MEPs, as representatives of the people, have a responsibility to support all Mozambicans in the struggle for respect for their rights and resolution of their problems,” the statement said.
Among the various issues discussed during the meeting were the timeous revision of Law 15/2013, of August 12, which regulates the requirements on eligibility, election process and status of the judges elected to the Supreme Court, Superior Courts of Appeal and the Judicial Courts.
Article 23 (b) of this legal provision stipulates that “elected judges shall have the right to receive honorariums and participation in proceedings for each case in which they intervene, under terms to be determined by the Council of Ministers”.
The committee of elected judges also intends to see salaries increased and special identification tags issued to enable judges to carry out their duties effectively.
Article 24 (Guarantees of Elected Judges) of Law No 15/2013, of August 12, states that “judges elected may not be prejudiced in their rights by virtue of those functions, which are considered of high public interest”.
Judges-elect assist in the analysis of questions of fact to be taken into account when deciding on sentencing, constituting a complement to the judgment made on the basis of the law.
In Mozambique legal requirements for becoming a judge-elected are Mozambican nationality, being between the ages of 30 and 70, and being able to read and write in Portuguese.
Other conditions include the ability to carry out duties with integrity, objectivity and independence, to act responsibly as regards the environment in which he is inserted, to behave with integrity and good manners, never to have been convicted of a crime against honesty or property or convicted of a crime that corresponds to a higher prison sentence, or to have been dismissed or expelled in light of the General Statute of State Officials and Agents or the Labour Law.Source: AIM
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