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Many African countries are considered less stable due to their social, political, economic and demographic vulnerability.
The stability of African countries were highlighted in the latest Fragile States Index released by United States think tank, Fund for Peace.
The index ranks countries per their vulnerability to collapse based on twelve key political, social and economic indicators using the Conflict Assessment System Tool (CAST) analytical approach.
The annual report released since 2005 has Mauritius ranked the least fragile country in Africa and 148th in the world.
Mauritius is followed by Seychelles, Botswana, Ghana, Cape Verde, Namibia, Sao Tome and Principe, South Africa, Gabon and Tunisia.
They rank 125th, 120th, 108th, 106th, 103rd, 97th, 96th, 91st and 89th in the world respectively.
Mozambique ranks 40th in the Most Fragile global list, having dropped 1.2 from last year and 12.1 from 2006, when it was ranked 80th less fragile state in the world. Other neighbouring countries rank as follows: Tanzania (65th), Zambia 46th, Malawi 44th, Swaziland 42nd.
Angola is ranked 39th and Guinea Bissau 16th.
The most fragile country in Africa, according to the index, is South Sudan, followed by Somalia, Central African Republic, Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo, Chad, Guinea, Nigeria, Zimbabwe and Ethiopia.
178 countries were ranked based on the different pressures they face that impact their levels of fragility.
The most stable country on the global scale is Finland, ranked 178th, followed by Norway, Switzerland, Denmark and Ireland.
The Index uses cohesion, economic, political and social indicators such as: Security Apparatus; Factionalized Elites: Group Grievance Economic Decline; Uneven Economic Development; Human Flight and Brain Drain; State Legitimacy; Public Services; Human Rights and Rule of Law; Demographic Pressures;Refugees and IDPs; and External Intervention.
For more information you may go here: http://fundforpeace.org/fsi/data/Source: Africa News / http://fundforpeace.org
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